Нагрудный академический знак выпускника высших учебных заведений МВД СССР

Higher Education Institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR Graduate Badge

Higher Education Institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR Graduate Badge was instituted by the Ministry in accordance with the provisions of the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR No.1375 dated December 20, 1958 “On Introduction and Manufacture of Breast Badges” that granted each Soviet ministry and agency the right to institute breast badges for their personnel and students of departmental educational institutions.

Graduate badge (nicknamed “rhomb” due to its contour) had a shape of the slightly convex vertical rhombus covered with dark red (maroon) enamel and edged with gilt stripe with raised border. Gilt State Emblem of the Soviet Union but without rays of the sun at the bottom (first distinctive feature of an early pattern badge) was superimposed on the center of the badge. It was worn on a tunic attached by a screw soldered to the center of the reverse and round nut. The second distinctive feature of the first pattern badge was absence of inscriptions on the reverse. The badge described above was also issued to those who graduated from higher education institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR since 1952.

Obverses of badges of all further patterns were absolutely similar to that described above except rays of the sun at the bottom of the State Emblem of the Soviet Union that were added to design since 1959.

Early badges of transitional pattern are known to exist. Their distinctive features are rays of the sun at the bottom of the State Emblem of the Soviet Union (unlike first pattern badges) and absence of inscriptions on reverse.

The most significant differences are found on reverses of the badges that bore various inscriptions depending on the period of manufacture: “Higher School of the MIA [Ministry of Internal Affairs] of the USSR” (“Высшая школа МВД СССР”) (1959-1960), “Higher School of the Ministry for the Preservation of Public Order of the RSFSR [Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic]” (“Высшая школа МООП РСФСР”) (1962-1966) and “Higher School” (“Высшая школа”) (1966-1992, bearing mintmark of the Leningrad Mint or without such). During 1960-1962, when higher schools were placed under the command of two Ministries of Internal Affairs of Union republics, i.e. Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) and Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (UkSSR), reverses of graduate badges were inscribed either “Higher School of the MIA of the RSFSR” (“Высшая школа МВД РСФСР”) or “Higher School of the MIA of the UkSSR” (“Высшая школа МВД УССР”).

MVD Graduate Badge 1

The badge of the unified pattern described above (dark red diamond with gilt State Emblem) was presented to all higher education institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR graduates until 1971. Within next three years the situation changed.

Thus, Order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR No.40 dated February 11, 1971 stipulated the breast badge authorized for economic, law, sports and other humanitarian institutes of higher education graduates to be worn by those graduating from Volgograd-based Higher Investigation School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR, Omsk Higher School of Militsiya of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR, as well as from Karaganda, Kiev, Ryazan and Tashkent Higher Schools of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR. According to the Annex 1 to the Order of the Minister of Higher and Specialized Secondary Education of the USSR No.123 dated April 08, 1961, it had a shape of the slightly convex vertical rhombus covered with light blue enamel and bordered with white enameled stripes edged with gilt borders. Gilt State Emblem of the Soviet Union was superimposed on an upper part of the badge, while emblem in a shape of the open book was superimposed below. It was worn on a tunic attached by a screw soldered to the center of the reverse and round nut. Badge measuring 46x26 mm was manufactured of tombac and covered with silicate enamel.

MVD Graduate Badge 2

Since 1974, those who graduated from the Higher Engineering Fire Technical School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR were issued with breast badges authorized for technical institutes of higher education graduates according to the Order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR No.176 dated May 30, 1974 “On Introduction of the Graduate Breast Badge for Higher Engineering Fire Technical School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR Graduates”. It differed from the badge for humanitarian institutes of higher education described above in dark blue enamel and device below the State Emblem. The latter had a shape of the crossed hammer and adjustable wrench, sometimes referred to as “French key”.

Differences of design of badges for graduates of higher education institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR were eliminated in 1978 by the Order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR No.205 dated July 26, 1978 “On Breast Badges for Graduates of Higher and Specialized Secondary Educational Institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Soviet Union” signed by General of the Army Nikolai Shchelokov (26.11.1910-13.12.1984), Minister of Internal Affairs. That Order introduced graduate badge (“rhomb”) of the unified design “removing numerous normative acts regulating issuance of breast badges to graduates of education institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR and in compliance with the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR No.1375 dated December 20, 1958 «On Introduction and Manufacture of Breast Badges»”.

According to the Statute of the Higher Education Institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR Graduate Badge (Annex 1 to the aforementioned Order), the badge was issued to those who have completed the full course of the higher education institution of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR and have received an appropriate graduation certificate. Badges together with diplomas were presented to graduates of higher education institutions by their directors in a solemn setting. No additional award certificate was provided. Presentation of the breast badge was certified by a record in the diploma registry as well as by an entry in the service record (personal record) of a graduate. Diploma of each higher education institution graduate was stamped “Breast Academy Badge Issued upon Graduation” (“Нагрудный академический знак выдан”).

Each graduate had to compensate the price of the badge to higher education institution authorities out of his own funds before graduation ceremony.

Description of the Higher Education Institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR Graduate Badge is cited according to the Annex 2 to the Order No.205 dated July 26, 1978:

MVD Graduate Badge 3“Breast badge has a shape of the slightly convex rhombus covered with dark red (maroon) enamel and edged with anodized (gilt) stripe with borders. Gilt State Emblem of the Soviet Union as a separate element of the badge is superimposed on its enameled center.

The base of the breast badge is manufactured of nickel silver or tombac. Screw is soldered to the center of the reverse, and the badge is worn attached to the uniform with a nut.

Diagonal measurements of the rhombic badge are 48x26 mm, State Emblem measures 16 mm in diameter, width of the outer stripe is 2,5 mm”.

Procurement and Military Logistics General Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR was made responsible for supply of breast badges to higher education institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs through District Procurement and Military Logistics Directorates of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR.

Breast badge was worn on the right side of the tunic according to the then Police and Military Uniform Regulations for Servicemen of Internal Troops, Military Educational Institutions Personnel, Commanding and Rank-and-File Personnel of Agencies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR.

If lost or damaged, a new badge wasn’t reissued to former graduate.

MVD Graduate Badge 4According to the Order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR No.205 dated July 26, 1978, those who graduated from military higher education institutions and military-political faculty of the Higher Military-Political School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR were issued with breast badges authorized for military higher education institutions of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR in compliance with the Order of the Minister of Defense of the USSR No.89 dated April 24, 1972.

Those who graduated from the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR that was founded on November 21, 1973 on the basis of the Higher School of Internal Affairs of the USSR, were issued with a graduate badge of a special design. ССЫЛКА

The badge in question was presented to higher education institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs graduates until 1992, when it was replaced (for the next five years) with the badge of the similar design but with the State Emblem of Russian Federation, i.e. double-headed Imperial eagle topped with three Imperial crowns.

The Order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR No.205 dated July 26, 1978 “On Breast Badges for Graduates of Higher and Specialized Secondary Educational Institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Soviet Union” has been acknowledged as disused in accordance with Paragraph 11 of the Annex to the Order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation No.1080 dated November 04, 2002 “On Recognition of Regulatory Legal Acts of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR as Null and Void”.