The medal was instituted on May 09, 1927 by the Royal decree No.1320 in commemoration of the 50th jubilee of the Romanian independence from the Ottoman Empire. Decoration was awarded to participants and disabled veterans of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 that led to the independence of Romania. Female recipients of the Elisabeth Cross (Crucea Elisabeta) were also eligible for an award.
Independence Proclamation Commemorative Medal had a circular shape and was bordered with a laurel wreath. An obverse had bareheaded profiles of Kings Ferdinand I and Carol I facing left and surrounded by the legend “Carol I · Ferdinand I ·” in capital letters. A reverse bore two dates – “
Independence Proclamation Commemorative Medal measured