Semnul distinctiv pentru invalizi

Disabled war veteran’s badge

Disabled war veteran’s badge was instituted on April 9, 1918 by the Royal decree (Înaltul Decret) No.850 and was intended to be issued to former Romanian officers, NCOs and other ranks who sustained serious injuries on battlefields of the Great War. Original concept was changed after the Hungarian-Romanian war broke out. Thereby the award criteria of the badge was extended to military personnel who participated in that war that was fought from November 1918 until March 1920.

Disabled war veteran’s badge had a shape of a horizontal oval with slightly pebbled surface bearing two crucial dates – “1916/19” separated by a slash sign. Those years corresponded to the beginning of the World War I for Romania (August 1916) and the end of military operations in Hungary (August 1919). It’s worth mentioning here that initial dates should have been “1916/18”.

The badge is bordered by a wreath made of laurel leaves on its left and oak leaves on its right, a ribbon is tied at its bottom.

The badge was made of gilt bronze and was worn on a single bar with a ribbon of a Military Virtue Order (Ordinul Virtutea Militară), i.e. red with thin vertical light blue stripes at its edges.

It was worn on the upper right part of a tunic at level of its fourth button from the bottom. Nevertheless photographic evidence shows this regulation was violated and the badge was sometimes pinned to the left breast.

Rom_army_34  disabled veteran badge