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Юбилейная медаль “Двадцать лет победы в Великой Отечественной войне 1941-1945 гг.” 

Jubilee medal “Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945”

Decoration was instituted on May 07, 1965 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the highest legislative body of the Soviet Union, in commemoration of the twentieth anniversary of the Great Victory.

Initially the following categories of Soviet citizens were eligible for decoration with the jubilee medal “Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945”:

- military personnel and civilians employed for military establishment who participated in the Great Patriotic War in the ranks of the Soviet Armed Forces;

- former partisans;

- personnel of the Soviet Armed Forces on active military service as of May 09, 1965, including Army, Navy, KGB (both agency personnel and security troops), Interior Ministry troops, security and convoy units as well as public order detachments of the Soviet socialist republics;

- other citizens, holders of the medal “For the Victory Over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945” (“За победу над Германией в Великой Отечественной Войне 1941-1945 гг.”).

Jubilee medal “Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945” was issued to foreign citizens from Socialist states as well.

That list was extended in 1966 and 1968. Thus, according to the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR No.141-VII of August 16, 1966 “On the decoration of military personnel and civilians employed for military establishment from the units and formations of the Soviet Army, the Pacific Fleet and Amur River Military Flotilla with the jubilee medal «Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945»”, the medal was issued to veterans who had been protecting Soviet borders at the Far East during the Great Patriotic War but were not decorated with the medal “For the Victory Over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945”.

Come 1968, Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR No.2291-VII of January 19, 1968 “On the decoration of underground fighters who struggled against German invaders on temporary occupied territory during the Great Patriotic War with the jubilee medal «Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945»” was gazetted.

All decorations with the medal were made on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Military personnel received their medals from commanders of military units and formations as well as from heads of military institutions; retired servicemen were issued with decorations at republican, territorial, regional, district, municipal and local military registration and enlistment offices at their places of residence; former partisans and citizens previously decorated with the medal “For the Victory Over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945” were awarded by appropriate Presidiums of the Supreme Soviets of union and autonomous republics, executive committees of territorial, regional, district, municipal and local Soviets of worker deputies.

Military personnel was decorated with the medal according to the lists signed by commanders of military units and formations as well as by heads of military institutions. Other recipients were issued with the medal either upon presentation of award certificates for medals “For the Victory Over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945” or “For the Victory over Japan”, or according to documental proof of their participation in the Great Patriotic War.

Jubilee medal with an award certificate were kept in the family after the demise of the veteran.

Design of the medal was elaborated by two prominent graphic artists – Victor Ermakov (obverse) and Yury Lukyanov (reverse) – who worked with the Art department of the Goznak (short for “Государственный Знак”, or “State Insignia”), Soviet agency responsible for the production of coins and banknotes.  

An obverse shows  monument “Liberator Warrior” by the sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich that was erected in Treptower Park of Berlin to commemorate Soviet soldiers who fell in the Battle of Berlin in April-May 1945. Image of the monument is flanked by two dates, “1945” and “1965”, and two crossed laurel branches are situated at the bottom of an obverse.

A reverse has large Roman number “XX” and small five-point star in its centre that are superimposed on divergent rays. That composition is encircled with an inscription “Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945” (“Двадцать лет победы в Великой Отечественной Войне 1941-1945 г.г.”), executed in capital letters.

Circular medal measuring 32 mm in diameter was made of brass. It was worn suspended from traditional pentagonal medal bar on the left side of the breast after the medal “For the Victory Over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945” (“За победу над Германией в Великой Отечественной Войне 1941-1945 гг.”). 24 mm wide ribbon was manufactured of red silk with vertical 7 mm green stripe at its right edge that had additional 3 mm black stripe closer to the edge leaving 1 mm green gap.

Jubilee medal “Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945” was presented with an award document made of thin coatless cardboard with serial number. Two types of award certificate are known to exist. Rare documents have the date of the Decree (May 7, 1965), round stamp of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, signature of its secretary Mikhail Georgadze, as well as month and year of decoration with the medal printed at typography. Only the name of the recipient and the date of the decoration with the medal were hand-written. As a rule, those documents were issued to high-ranking military personnel, distinguished veterans and foreigners. The most common second type of an award document was hand-stamped, and nearly all entries were filled by hand.

Approximately 16,399,550 medals were issued as of January 01, 1995.

XX Years of Victory in WWII 1