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Decorations of Hermann Göring

Hermann Wilhelm Göring (January 12, 1893, Rosenheim – October 15, 1946, Nuremberg) might be regarded as one of the most colorful personalities of the Third Reich in terms of passion for various awards and decorations. Generally recognized ace fighter pilot of the Great War who covered himself with fame and was decorated with the highest Prussian order of merit, Pour le mérite, a.k.a. the “Blue Max”, Göring ended as the victim of his own foible soon after he rose to power in the beginning of the 1930s. Keenly aware of fascination of the all-powerful Reichsmarschall with awards, governments of allied countries showered Göring with the highest classes of their national orders. Thus it was quite easy for him to follow protocol and wear appropriate decorations when meeting representatives of any friendly state. Countless number of well and doubtfully deserved awards made it impossible for Reich Aviation Minister, President of the Reichstag, Minister President of the Free State of Prussia, Reichsstatthalter of Prussia and Reichsminister of Forestry to wear all them simultaneously even theoretically.

On April 23, 1945, several days before the fall of the Third Reich Adolf Hitler accused once omnipotent Göring who had been considered as his successor, of high treason and an attempt of usurpation of power, and removed him from all his positions, expelled him from the National Socialist party and deprived of all decorations.

Awards received during the Great War

- Iron Cross 2nd Class (Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse) /received by Leutnant Göring as a Battalion adjutant of the 4th Baden Infantry Regiment No.112 on September 15, 1914/

- Army Observer’s Badge (Flugzeug-Beobachter-Abzeichen) / received by Leutnant Göring as an observer with the Field Flying Battalion 25 on November 15, 1914/

- Iron Cross 1st Class (Eisernes Kreuz 1.Klasse) /received by Leutnant Göring as an observer with the Field Flying Battalion 25 on March 22, 1915/

- Knight’s Cross 2nd Class of the Order of the Zähringer Lion with swords  of the Grand Duchy of Baden (Ritterkreuz 2.Klasse mit Schwertern des Großherzoglich Badischen Ordens vom Zähringer Löwen) /received by Leutnant Göring during his pilot training practice at the Flying School in Freiburg on August 19, 1915/ However, at least one painting is known to exist that shows Göring wearing a mounted medal bar with the Order of the Zähringer Lion with oakleaves, decoration he never earned.

- Army Pilot’s Badge (Militär-Flugzeugführer-Abzeichen) /received by Leutnant Göring as a pilot with the Field Flying Battalion 25 on October 12, 1915/

- Honorary Goblet of a Victor in Aerial Combat (Ehrenbecher für den Sieger in Luftkampf) /received by Leutnant Göring as a pilot with the Field Flying Battalion 25 on April 15, 1916/

- Knight’s Cross of the House Order of Hohenzollern with swords (Ritterkreuz mit Schwertern des königlich Preußischen Hausordens von Hohenzollern) /received by Oberleutnant Göring as a commander of the Fighter Squadron 27 on October 20, 1917/

- Knight’s Cross of the Military Karl-Friedrich Merit Order of the Grand Duchy of Baden (Ritterkreuz des Großherzoglich Badischen Militär Karl-Friedrich-Verdienstordens) /received by Oberleutnant Göring as a commander of the Fighter Squadron 27 on June 02, 1918/

- “Pour le mérite” /received by Oberleutnant Göring as a commander of the Fighter Squadron 27 on June 02, 1918/

- 1918 Wound Badge 3rd Class (Verwundetenabzeichen in Schwarz)

- Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order (Großkreuz des Herzoglich Sachsen-Ernestinischen Hausordens) /probably awarded in 1930s/

Weimar Republic-era badges

- Commemorative Pilot’s Badge (Flieger Erinnerungs-Abzeichen)

- German Honorary Commemorative Badge of the World War with a Combat emblem (Deutsche Ehrendenkmünze des Weltkrieges mit dem Kampfabzeichen)

- Honorary Badge of the National Motor and Air Travel Association in Gold (Ehrenzeichen der Ring der Nationalen Kraftfahrt und Luftfahrtbewegung in Gold)

Decorations, awards and badges earned during the Third Reich era

- Decoration in Memory of November 9, 1923, a.k.a. the Blood Order (Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 9. November 1923, a.k.a. Blutorden) /November 09, 1933/

- NSDAP Golden Party Badge (Goldenes Ehrenzeichen der NSDAP) /December 01, 1933/

- Service Entry Badge of Stahlhelmbund (Diensteintritts-Abzeichen des Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten) /1933/

- Honor Cross of the World War 1914/1918 for Combatants (Ehrenkreuz des Weltkrieges 1914-1918 für Frontkämpfer)

- German Red Cross Decoration 1st Class (Ehrenzeichen des Deutschen Roten Kreuzes 1.Klasse) /1934/

- Wehrmacht Long Service Award 4th Class (Wehrmacht-Dienstauszeichnung IV.Klasse)

- Wehrmacht Long Service Award 3rd Class (Wehrmacht-Dienstauszeichnung III.Klasse)

- Wehrmacht Long Service Award 2nd Class (Wehrmacht-Dienstauszeichnung II.Klasse)

- Wehrmacht Long Service Award 1st Class (Wehrmacht-Dienstauszeichnung I.Klasse)

- Air Crew Badge (Fliegerschaftsabzeichen) /January 19, 1935/

- Luftwaffe cufftitle “Jagdgeschwader Frhr. v. Richthofen Nr. 1 1917/1918” (Ärmelband “Jagdgeschwader Frhr. v. Richthofen Nr. 1 1917/1918”) /1935/

- German Olympic Decoration 1st Class (Deutsches Olympia-Ehrenzeichen 1.Klasse)

- NSDAP Gau Thuringia Honorary Badge “Gau Silver Eagle” (Gauehrenzeichen “Silberner Gauadler” des Gaues Thüringen der NSDAP) /April 20, 1937/

- NSDAP Gau Berlin Golden Honorary Badge (Goldenes Gauehrenzeichen des Gaues Berlin der NSDAP)

- Official Chain of the President and Presidium Members of the German Academy of Aeronautics (Amtskette des Präsidenten und der Präsidiumsmitglieder der Deutsche Akademie der Luftfahrtforschung) /January 21, 1938/

- Air Warden Honor Award 1st Class (Luftschutz-Ehrenzeichen 1.Stufe) /April 20, 1938/

- Commemorative Medal of March 13, 1938 (Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 13.März 1938) /1938/

- Commemorative Medal of October 1, 1938 with the Prague Castle clasp (Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1.Oktober 1938 mit der Spange “Prager Burg”) /1938/

- The Return of Memel Commemorative Medal (Medaille zur Erinnerung an die Heimkehr des Memellandes) /1939/

- 1939 Clasp for the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd Class (Spange zum Eisernen Kreuz 2.Klasse) /September 30, 1939/

- 1939 Clasp for the 1914 Iron Cross 1st Class (Spange zum Eisernen Kreuz 1.Klasse) /September 30, 1939/

- Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) /awarded on September 30, 1939 for the defeat of Poland/

- Danzig Cross 1st Class (Danziger Kreuz 1.Klasse) /October 1939/

- Danzig Cross 2nd Class (Danziger Kreuz 2.Klasse) /October 1939/

- Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) /awarded on July 19, 1940 for the successful leadership during the Battle of France /

- Grand Cross of the German Red Cross Decoration (Grosskreuz des Ehrenzeichens des Deutschen Roten Kreuzes)

- Pilot/Observer Badge in Gold with Diamonds (Gemeinsame Flugzeugführer- und Beobachterabzeichen in Gold mit Brillanten, a.k.a. “Luftwaffen-Doppelabzeichen”)

- U-Boat War Badge (1939) in Gold with Diamonds (U-Boot-Kriegsabzeichen Modell 1939 in Gold mit Brillianten) /presented in a friendly way to Göring by Großadmiral Karl Dönitz /

Decorations issued by foreign states

Kingdom of Bulgaria

- Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius, the small collar (Малко огърлие на ордена “Св. св. равноапостоли Кирил и Методий”)

- Order of Saint Alexander, Grand Cross with the Breast star with diamonds (Велик кръст на ордена “Свети Александръ”, звезда с брилянти )

- Order of Saint Alexander, the small collar (Малко огърлие на ордена “Свети Александръ”)

- Order of Bravery, I Grade, 1st Class (Орден „За храброст“ I степен 1 клас)

Kingdom of Hungary

- Royal Hungarian Order of Saint Stephen, Grand Cross (Nagykeresztje Magyar Királyi Szent István-rend)

- Order of Merit, Grand Cross with the Crown of Saint Stephen (Nagykeresztje Magyar Érdemrend a koronát a Szent István)

Democratic Republic of Georgia

- Order of Saint Tamara, restored in 1922 by the Georgian Parity Committee. /Supposedly awarded by the refugee government of the Democratic Republic of Georgia that had settled in France at the Leuville-sur-Orge castle and was recognized by the French authorities until 1934/

Kingdom of Denmark

- Order of the Dannebrog, Grand Cross with diamonds (Storkorset af Dannebrogordenen med bryststjeme i diamanter) /August 06, 1938/

Kingdom of Italy

-  Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Grand Cross (Gran Croce dell’Ordine dei Santi Maurizio e Lazzaro) /1938/

- Military Order of Savoy, Grand Cross (Gran Croce dell’Ordine militare di Savoia) /November 27, 1941/

- Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation, the small collar (Piccola Collare dell’Ordine Supremo della Santissima Annunziata) /May 22, 1940/

- Military Order of the Roman Eagle, Grand Cross (Gran Croce dell’Ordine Militare dell’Aquila Romana)

Republic of Spain

- Imperial Order of the Yoke and Arrows, the large collar (Gran collar de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas)

- Military Pilot Badge (Placa de Pilotos)

Ottoman Empire

- War Medal, a.k.a. Gallipoli Star (Harb Madalyasi, a.k.a. Eiserner Halbmond)

Kingdom of Romania

- Order of Michael the Brave, Model 1941, 1st, 2nd and 3rd classes (Ordinul Mihai Viteazul, Clasele I-III) /October 21, 1941/

- Order of Aviation Merit, Commander Cross with Military decoration and swords (Ordinul Virtutea Aeronautică în grad de comandor, cu însemne de război  și cu spade)

- Order of Carol I, Grand Collar (Ordinul Carol I, Colan) 

- Order of Carol I, Grand Cross (Ordinul Carol I, Mare Cruce) 

- Military Pilot Badge (Insignă de pilot brevetat, Model 1941)

Slovak Republic

- Slovak War Victory Cross, Grand Cross (Velký kříž Slovenského válečného vítězného kříže)

Republic of Finland

- Order of the White Rose of Finland, Grand Cross with swords (Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun suurristi miekkojen kera) /1941/

- Order of the Lion of Finland, Grand Cross with swords (Suomen Leijonan suurristi miekkojen kera)

- Order of the Cross of Liberty, Grand Cross with swords (Vapaudenristin suurristi miekkojen kera) /March 25, 1942/

- Finnish Pilot Badge with diamonds (Suomen lentomerkki briljantein koristeltuna) /August 27, 1941/

Independent State of Croatia

- Order of the Crown of King Zvonimir, Grand Cross with the Breast badge with oak wreath (Red krune kralja Zvonimira 1.stupnja sa zvijezdom i hrastove grančice)

- Military Pilot Badge (Oznaka Zrakoplovstva Nezavisne Države Hrvatske)

Kingdom of Sweden

- Royal Order of the Sword, Grand Cross (Kungliga Svärdsorden, Kommendör med stora korset) /February 02, 1939/

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

- Order of the White Eagle, Grand Cross (Велики крст Ордена Белог Орла)

Japan

- Order of the Rising Sun, Grand Cross with Paulownia Flowers /September 29, 1943/

- Order of the Rising Sun, Grand Cross with the Grand Cordon

- Honorable Samurai sword (German: 1 Schwert des japanischen nationalen Verbandes Shochoku Seishin Shinkokai) /Awarded to Göring “for his loyalty to the Great Germany and exceptional military merits” on behalf of “Shochoku Seishin Shinko-kai” patriotic association that propagated imperial values/