Liyakat Medal was instituted in
Liyakat Madalyasi was one of the lowest ranking decorations of the Ottoman Empire, preceded only by the “War Medal” during the Great War. A general list of precedence of Ottoman decorations is given below, from low to high. However, these rules were not strictly followed and numerous exceptions existed during times of war.
An obverse bore the Ottoman military coat of arms topped with a tughra, i.e. calligraphic monogram of Sultan Abdul Hamid II.
A reverse had an inscription “Medal of Merit Specially for Those Who Have Shown Loyalty and Bravery” and the year the medal was instituted, “
Liyakat Madalyasi had a circular shape,
After decease of the holder, Liyakat Medal was kept in the family. Moreover, heirs of recipient were even allowed to wear it upon official approval as a token of appreciation of the merits rendered to the Ottoman Empire.
Liyakat Madalyasi was one of the most widely awarded Ottoman decorations during the Great War, including German allies.
When presented for combat merits, a special combat clasp in a shape of two crossed sabers and a bar bearing the date “
Liyakat Medal was manufactured not only in the Ottoman Empire, but in Germany and Austro-Hungary as well. Post-war production continued in the Austrian Republic. European-struck decorations were sometimes of a lesser diameter and lacked combat clasps.