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Broşă de protocol

Protocol brooch

Protocol brooch was bestowed by the Royal command of the King Ferdinand I on those who rendered exceptional services to the ruling monarch and his court. 

Design of the Broşă de protocol was elaborated by the well-known Berlin jeweler Paul Telge (1850-04(05).06.1902), who subsequently served under the first Romanian King Carol I and Queen consort Elisabeth.

The badge had a shape of the interwoven letters “F” and “M” symbolizing initials of the Royal couple, King Ferdinand I and Queen consort Maria. Monograms were topped with the royal crown with red enameled inner space.

Ferdinand I (24.08.1865, Sigmaringen, Province of Hohenzollern, Prussia – 20.07.1927, Peleş Castle, Sinaia, Romania), born Ferdinand Viktor Albert Meinrad von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, was the second King of Romania (10.10.1914 – 20.07.1927) with a full title Majestatea Sa Ferdinand I, Rege al României, Principe al Romaniei, Principe de Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. Ferdinand I was the holder of the highest Imperial decoration of the Russian Empire,  Order of Saint Andrew the Apostle the First-Called (08(12).08.1893).

On January 10, 1893 he married Marie Alexandra Viktoria, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, daughter of the Duke of Edinburgh, granddaughter of the Russian Emperor Alexander II and granddaughter of the Queen Victoria. Ferdinand I ascended the Romanian throne on the sixty-first day of the Great War. The kingdom remained neutral until August 1916, but entered the war on the side of the Triple Entente despite the German origin of the ruling monarch. That decision forced German Emperor Wilhelm II to erase the name of Ferdinand I from the Hohenzollern House register. The day Romania declared war on the Central Powers (August 27, 1916), Ferdinand I assigned himself the Supreme commander of the Romanian Armed forces. According to clauses of the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine and the Treaty of Trianon, Romania gained impressive territorial acquisitions, including former Russian and Hungarian lands of Bessarabia, Bukovina, Transylvania and part of Banat. As a result of the WWI, territory of Romania as well as it population doubled and Ferdinand I became the king of the greatly enlarged state.

Marie Alexandra Viktoria (29.10.1875, Eastwell Park, Kent, Great Britain – 18.07.1938, Peleş Castle, Sinaia, Romania) was the wife of the King of Romania Ferdinand I and the Queen consort of Romania (10.10.1914-20.07.1927) with a full title Majestatea Sa Maria, Regină a României, Principesă a Romaniei, Principesă de Edinburg şi de Saxa Coburg şi Gotha. Queen Marie was the daughter of the Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia, granddaughter of the Russian Emperor Alexander II and granddaughter of the Queen Victoria as well as the cousin of the last Russian Emperor Nicholas II in the female line.

During the Great War emancipated and strong Queen was one of the most popular personalities and gave the lead by joining Red Cross Society. That was then that she wrote a book “My country” (“Ţara Mea”) with all the profit being sent for the benefit of the Red Cross. The Queen worked as a nurse, tending wounded and ill soldiers, visited military camps and positions thus infusing courage into fighting Romanian soldiers. She also took an active part in shaping of military and political plans of the kingdom.

In 1919 Queen Marie represented Romania during the signing ceremony of the Treaty of Versaille, according to which the kingdom regained territories lost during the Great War.  

Having completed that necessary historical digression let’s return to the main subject of an article. The badge was attached to a ribbon of the Princely House Order of Hohenzollern (Fürstlicher Hausorden der Hohenzollern), white with two wide black stripes at its edges and central thin black stripe. Such a choice is explained by the fact that the above-mentioned Order had been instituted on December 05, 1841 by joint decree of two nephews of the Prussian King,  

junior princes of the blood Prince Friedrich Wilhelm Konstantin Hermann Thassilo von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (16.02.1801-03.09.1869) and Karl Anton Joachim Zephyrinus Friedrich Meinrad von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (07.09.1811-02.06.1885). The son of the latter, Karl Eitel Friedrich Zephyrinus Ludwig von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, was the ruler of Romania from 1886 to 1914 and its first King (15.03.1881-10.10.1914).

The badge measuring 20x40 mm and weighing 8 g was made of 14-carat gold. The length of the ribbon was 75 mm approximately.

A reverse of the Broşă de protocol carried the hallmark of designer, Paul Telge.

Protocol brooch 1