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Însignele piloţilor civili Români (1931-1947)

Civil pilots badges (1931-1947)

 

1931 – September 1940 (Carol II)

Romania Civil Pilot badge 01

The first type of this breast badge was instituted in 1931 as a distinction for the civil pilots of Romanian airlines that were established in the very beginning of 30s. The badge was designed after the Military pilot badge from the Carol II reign.

It had a form of a pair of horizontal spread wings with a crowned cipher of the king Carol II (two bound letters “C”).

As the design was based on the military badge some civil badges still retained sword hand protection just behind the crown.

The badge (66x36 mm) was made of silvered bronze and had a horizontal pin and catch on its reverse. The crown and the outer rim were not silvered and remained bronze. Some of the badges had the royal cipher covered with blue enamel.

Miniatures differed in type of attachment and finish of the cipher (bronze and enameled).

 

September 1940 – June 1941 (Mihai I)

Romania Civil Pilot badge 02

The second type breast badge was instituted in 1941 and was designed after the early version of the Military pilot badge from the initial period of Mihai I reign. It had a form of a pair of horizontal spread wings with a cross formed with four crowned blue enameled royal ciphers of the king Mihai I (“I” within bigger “M”).

As the design was based on the military badge some civil badges still retained sword hand protection just behind the upper crown. The badge (66x36 mm) was made of silvered bronze and had a horizontal pin and catch on its reverse. The crowns as well as the outer rim were not silvered and remained bronze.

 

June 1941 – December 1947 (Mihai I)

Romania Civil Pilot badge 03

The final type of the Civil pilot badge was instituted on May 26, 1941 by the Royal decree (proclaimed on June 04, 1941) and remained unchanged until the abolishment of the monarchy on December 30, 1947.

Its design was nearly similar to that of the final version of the Military pilot badge from the Mihai I reign. The obverse represents a so-called “Royal eagle” (Pajura Regală) with spread vertical wings holding a bomb in its claws. The crowned Romanian escutcheon with a centered black-and-white Royal House shield is situated in the middle of its chest. The only difference between obverses of civil and military badges is that the former had no red enamel on the crown. The badge (42x44 mm) is made of silvered bronze while escutcheon and shield are enameled. The reverse is plain and has a vertical safety pin and a catch instead of a hollow tube that was used in a military version.