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Shoulder boards and collar tabs of the Romanian Army, Model 1912

 

Collar Tabs, Model 1912

Colour scheme of collar tabs that were worn on tunics and overcoats was instituted on February 04, 1912 by the High Decree No.500 (Înaltul Decret No.500 din 4 Feb.1912). 

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1. General Staff (Statmajor regal)

2. The generals (Generali) and Infantry (Infanterie)

3. Chasseurs (Vânători)

4. Border guards (Grăniceri) 

5. Foot gendarmerie (Jandarmi pedeştri)

6. Territorial cavalry units (Călăraşi)

7. Escort regiment (Regimentul de escorta regala)

8. Field artillery, fortification artillery, fire-fighters (Artileria de câmp, artileria de cetate, pompieri)

9. Engineers, pontooneers, railway and specialist troops (Pionieri, pontonieri, căi ferate şi specialități)

10. Service corps and administrative services (Intendenţa şi administraţie)

11-20: Light cavalry or hussars regiments (Roşiori). Their collar tabs’ colours corresponded to distinctive regimental colours given to every hussars regiment since its creation. Apart from collar tabs that colour appeared on their busbies’ pouches, overcoat piping and pennons attached to their lances.

Thereby collar tabs were the following: yellow (1st Hussars, raised in 1858 and known till 25.10.1871 as Regimentul 2 de lăncieri); white (2nd Hussars, raised in 1868 and known till 25.10.1871 as Regimentul de roşiori); green (3rd Hussars raised in 1880); sky blue (4th Hussars, 1893); light green (5th Hussars, 1895); blue (6th Hussars, 1895); light brown (7th Hussars, 1908); mauve (8th Hussars, 1908); rose (9th Hussars, 1908); grey (10th Hussars, 1910); bordeaux (11th Hussars, 1914) and violet (12th Hussars, 1920).

Collar tabs given to 11th and 12th Hussars are not illustrated as those regiments were raised after the Decree No.500 was issued in 1912.

11. 1st Light cavalry regiment (Regimentul 1 Roşiori), later Regimentul 1 Roşiori “General de Corp de Armată Alexandru Averescu” named as such after distinguished Romanian politician and statesman Alexandru Averescu (09.03.1859-03.10.1938).

12. 2nd Light cavalry regiment (Regimentul 2 Roşiori). Later on it was given a honorary name “Prunaru” (Regimentul 2 Roşiori “Prunaru”) to commemorate feat of heroism by military personnel of the regiment during the Prunaru Charge (Şarja de la Prunaru), one of the most daring actions of the Romanian army in the WWI (November 28, 1916).

13. 3rd Light cavalry regiment (Regimentul 3 Roşiori)

14. 4th Light cavalry regiment (Regimentul 4 Roşiori). It got a honorary name “Queen Mary” (Regimentul 4 Roşiori “Regina Maria”) after Marie Alexandra Victoria, Queen consort of Romania (10.10.1914-20.07.1927), wife of the King Ferdinand.

15. 5th Light cavalry regiment “” (Regimentul 5 Roşiori “Împăratul Nicolae II al Rusiei”)

16. 6th Light cavalry regiment (Regimentul 6 Roşiori)

17. 7th Light cavalry regiment (Regimentul 7 Roşiori)

18. 8th Light cavalry regiment (Regimentul 8 Roşiori)

19. 9th Light cavalry regiment (Regimentul 9 Roşiori)

20. 10th Light cavalry regiment (Regimentul 10 Roşiori)

21. Military doctors (Medici)

22. Military veterinarians (Veterinari)

23. Military pharmacists (Farmacişti)

24. Rank and file (Trupa)

 

Shoulder Boards, Model 1912

Shoulder boards of Romanian military personnel introduced on February 04, 1912 by the High Decree No.500 (Înaltul Decret No.500 din 4 Feb.1912). 

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1. Private (Soldat)

2. Fruntas (Fruntaş), equivalent to Private 1st Class

3. Corporal (Caporal)

4. Sergeant (Sergent)

5. Platoon commander (Plutonier)

6. Senior platoon commander (Plutonier-major), equivalent to Staff Sergeant

7. Junior (second) lieutenant (Sublocotenent)

8. Lieutenant (Locotenent)

9. Captain (Căpitan)

10. Major (Maior)

11. Lieutenant-Colonel (Locotenent-Colonel)

12. Colonel (Colonel)

13. Brigadier General (General de brigadă)

14. Divisional General (General de divizie)

15. General of Army Corps (General de Corp de Armată)

Annotation:

1. Military rank “Sergent-major” between “Sergent” and “Plutonier” was not mentioned in the High Decree No.500. Nevertheless that rank existed at least in gendarmerie in 1914.

2. Rank stripes on officers’ shoulder boards were made of white braid for combatant officers and of yellow for non-combatants.

3. Colour of rank stripes on shoulder straps worn by other ranks and NCOs was vice versa, i.e. yellow for combatants and white for non-combatants.